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Population: 426 028
Area: 7 604 sq.km
Main sity: Bourgas
Towns: Aitos, Ahtopol, Karnabat, Kiten, Malko Turnovo, Tsarevo, Nessebar, Obzor, Pomorie, Primorsko, Sozopol
Web site: www.bourgas.bg

In Bourgas region are situated some of the well known Bulgarian sea resorts, such as Sunny Beach, St. Vlas, Elenite and Vacation Village Duni. They offer luxury, comfort, first class service, as well as marvelous conditions for water sports.
Nessebar is a preferable place for sea vacations. It combines excellent opportunities for sea and cultural tourism. The old part of the town, which will carry you away in the atmosphere of ancient times is under the protection of UNESCO.
Pomorie is a tourist and a health center due to the availability of curative mud. Thanks to its preserved nature and ecological conditions, it is awarded the Blue Flag Award.
The village of Ravda attracts many young people since there are situated many student camps.

Other interesting sights revealing the history of the region are the cape of Emine, the village of Emona famous for being a birthplace of the Thracian king Rez that participated in the Thracian war and was killed by Odysseus and Diomedus according to Homer's Iliad, the fortress of Paleokastro, the Pomorie tomb.
The biological diversity of the region has been preserved in the protected area of Poda, the lakes of Mandra, Atanasovsko and Bourgas.

Picturesque bays and whimsical rocks, spacious beaches with sand dunes and warm sea create the attractive force of the Bulgarian Southern Black Sea coast. Wonderful nature in combination with modern construction - this is the magic of the holiday villages of Duyni, Elenite, Sunny beach, Nessebar, Sozopol, Ravda. To the north the long and indented coast line is bordered by the farther spurs of the Balkan range and to the south - by the heights of the Strandzha Mountain. Even nowadays the unique culture in Strandzha is a part of attitudes and habits of Ahtopol, Tsarevo, Kiten, Primorsko.

Population: 226 000

The busiest port and second-largest coastal city, Bourgas ranks fourth in size in Bulgaria after Sofia, Plovdiv and Varna. It is situated in the farthest western part of Bourgas bay and is 390 km east of Sofia.

The town is situated between the sea and two lakes - Atanasovo Lake and Bourgas Lake. The climate of Bourgas is suitable for recreation mild winter and long sunny summer. The beaches are covered with dark black curable sand.

Bourgas is a successor of the late Roman small town called Deultum a military colony for veterans. In the Middle Ages a small fortress called Pirgos was erected, most probably used as a watchtower. It was only in 17th century that Bourgas was given its present name. It was called Ahelo-Bourgas. After the Liberation it was called Bourgas, and was a small settlement. Ever since the town has grown and became the centre of the Southern Black Sea coast, a town of well developed industry and trade.

Around Bourgas lies the largest array of naturally enclosed water basins in Bulgaria. Due to the low level of the coast there are three lagoon-lakes: Atanasovo lake, Bourgas Lake and Mandra lake. They are home to such waterfowl as spoonbills, ibises and pelicans, as well as nesting grounds for migrating swallows, gulls, terns, egrets and storks.
Bourgas' municipal beaches contain metal ore which accounts for their black-streaked appearance and high temperature. The best beaches in the area can be found to the north around Sunny Beach or south of Sozopol.
The island of St. Anastasia is three sea miles east of the town. There is a well preserved old church.
The Mineral public baths are 13 km north-west of the town in the direction to Aitos. There are the remains of the old Roman town built around the mineral springs.
The park Otmanli is 15 km away from the town near the Chokalya cape.

Population: 9437
Nessebar - ancient roman ruins and museum atmosphere combined with modern hotels and nice beaches
Web site: www.nessebar.bg

One of the oldest European towns, Nessebar is situated on a small peninsula, 37 km north-east of Bourgas and 429 km east of Sofia. The beach is considered to be the best along the Black Sea coast. The old town of Nessebar is under the protection of UNESCO.

New Nessebar, located on the mainland, houses most of the local population and modern facilities. Burgeoning with rest homes and hotels, it lacks the charm and sights of old Nessebar; but has the comfort of today's amenities. Also, new Nessebar has both a seaside wooded park and a sandy beach from which sunbathers can contemplate old Nessebar's charming shoreline. The beach also features a gentle slope from shallow to deep water as well as chair and umbrella rentals. Six kilometers up the road is the mega-resort of Sunny Beach.

Known as Messembria by its founders, Dorian Greeks, Nessebar was founded in the 6th century BC. Under the Romans the once-influential trading colony declined in importance in favor of neighboring Anchialo (Pomorie) and it became a remote outpost in the empire's northern reaches. In the 7th century, the Bulgarians under Khan Kroum managed to capture the fortified settlement from the Byzantines after a long siege. Nessebar's many churches and monasteries were granted special privileges, some of which were continued under the Ottomans.

Today, the narrow peninsula (an island in antiquity, it was later connected by a causeway) is one of Bulgaria's most delightful tourist spots. Designated a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sight in 1983, the tiny town attracts nearly a million yearly visitors. Narrow cobblestone streets wind amongst quaint 19th century wooden houses, their tiny courtyards filled with smokini (fig) trees and vine trellises. Although once graced by forty churches, Nessebar's dozen remaining medieval churches are the remnants of both Slav and Greek Orthodox communities that thrived here during the middle ages.

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